Concurrent validity pertains to the extent to which the measurement tool relates to other scales measuring the same construct and that have already been validated (Cronbach & Meehl, 1955). validity coefficient Criterion-related validity is usually expressed as a correlation between the test in question and the criterion measure. C onvergent validity and discriminant validity are commonly regarded as ways to assess the construct validity of a measurement procedure (Campbell & Fiske, 1959). Discriminant validity (or divergent validity) tests that constructs that should have no relationship do, in fact, not have any relationship. Advantages: It is a fast way to validate your data. Construct validity was based on discharge status. Discriminant validity tests whether believed unrelated constructs are, in fact, unrelated. Construct validity was investigated through correlations between total scores and individual item scores, and scores according to age and sex, whereas concurrent validity was checked by using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Long Form as the test-criterion on a subsample of 50 children. Out of these, the content, predictive, concurrent and construct validity are the important ones used in the field of psychology and education. Concurrent validity typically is done with the 'gold standard' test of the construct (e.g. Increasing the number of different measures in a study will increase construct validity provided that the measures are measuring the same construct if you're proposing a new test of intelligence, you'd compare it to an IQ test or Raven's matrices; one which is *the* test of that trait), and you would do it at the same time (hence, concurrent). All of the other terms address this general issue in different ways. Second, I make a distinction between two broad types: translation validity and criterion-related validity. Construct validity is the approximate truth of the conclusion that your operationalization accurately reflects its construct. These are discussed below: Type # 1. Convergent validity tests that constructs that are expected to be related are, in fact, related. From: Addictive Behaviors, 2012. If a research program is shown to possess both of these types of validity, it can also be regarded as having excellent construct validity. Face: Looks like it'll work. This is related to how well the experiment is operationalized. A construct is a concept. Concurrent: Correlates with other tests. Criterion-related validity of this sort is sometimes called concurrent validity (because both tests are administered at about the same time). Construct validity. Criterion-Related Validity A method for assessing the validity of an instrument by comparing its scores with another criterion known already to be a measure of the same trait or skill. With any construct you have in mind, you want to ensure that it's valid. Concurrent validity measures how well a new test compares to an well-established test. Construct validity. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIH-SS) was also scored retrospectively and used as the criterion standard for concurrent validity. The following six types of validity are popularly in use viz., Face validity, Content validity, Predictive validity, Concurrent, Construct and Factorial validity. Construct validity occurs when the theoretical constructs of cause and effect accurately represent the real-world situations they are intended to model. A clearly specified research question should lead to a definition of study aim and objectives that set out the construct and how it will be measured. Concurrent Validity. 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