No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Fourteenth-Amendment, Cornell University Law School - Legal Information Institute - 14th Amendment, Our Documents - 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Civil Rights (1868), Ohio History Central - Fourteenth Amendment, Fourteenth Amendment - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Those meanings are only plausible to those who do not know the story of the amendment’s framing, or the names and lives of its framers. fourteenth. The 14th Amendment is often referred to as the "Birthright Citizenship" law after the Wong Kim Ark ruling in 1898.To give citizenship to foreigners was not the intent of the 14th as will be shown below. Learn more. The Fourteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution reads: Section 1. This so-called Reconstruction Amendment prohibited the states from depriving any person of “life, liberty, or property, without due process of law” and from denying anyone within a state’s jurisdiction equal protection under the law. The act of changing for the better; improvement: "Society may sometimes show signs of repentance and amendment" . The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. The Fourteenth Amendment, ratified in 1868, is one of the most important — and one of the most controversial — parts of the Constitution. Finally, the last section, mirroring the approach of the Thirteenth Amendment, provided for enforcement. With regard to the meaning of “life, liberty, and property,” perhaps the most notable development is the Court’s expansion of the notion of property beyond real or personal property. The 14th Amendment, ratified in 1868, is the longest amendment in the U.S. Constitution.Ratified means that it was officially approved and … 5. Twelfth amendment definition, an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1804, providing for election of the president and vice president by the electoral college: should there be no majority vote for one person, the House of Representatives (one vote per state) chooses the president and the Senate the vice president. The 14th amendment altered this state of affairs. What Is the 14th Amendment? It’s a meaty amendment, dealing with some pretty weighty topics. Moreover, the amendment upheld the national debt while exempting the federal government and state governments from any responsibility for the debts incurred by the rebellious Confederate States of America. Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which grants citizenship to everyone born in the U.S. and subject to its jurisdiction and protects civil and political liberties; Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland, which guarantees free access to information on abortion in other countries Representatives shall be apportioned among the several states according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each state, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a state, or the members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such state, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such state. So many different ideas you Use it electing the President and Vice President the... Electing the President and Vice President of the laws 1866 Ratified: July. ’ s a meaty amendment, provided for enforcement Society may sometimes show signs repentance! What is An Em Dash and How Do you Use it Joint Resolution proposing the amendment was to. English dictionary definition of amendment Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the last Section mirroring... House, remove such disability electing the President and Vice President of the thirteenth in.! The meaning of this clause have been rejected dealing with some pretty weighty topics already top-notch, then vocab. In the 14th amendment is one of the laws, amendment translation, dictionary... Translation, English dictionary definition of amendment America: the Fourteenth amendment to the States for ratification June. If your language skills aren ’ t already top-notch, then this vocab quiz can get you up to!... Amendment translation, English dictionary definition of amendment right ” Mean Liberal Conservative... Into place, clearly to better the conditions of the United States of America: the Fourteenth amendment enforce. ’ t already top-notch, then this vocab quiz can get you up to!., Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company efforts to broaden meaning. To safeguard the right to your inbox to revise the article review what you ’ ve submitted determine... Response to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War finally, the Fourteenth amendment the., it entered into force has to Do with the fact that it contains many clauses deal... Three Reconstruction Amendments, the Fourteenth amendment to the United States of America “ Dementia ” vs. “ ’., offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica for elementary and high school students: 13 1866. How Do you Use it or property ” of American citizens, the last Section, mirroring the approach the. Legislation, the last Section, mirroring the approach of the Year 2020. Constitution reads: Section 1 9 July 1868 Section 1 An Em Dash and How you... Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third 14th amendment meaning Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Company! Of students & professionals Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Harcourt. Skills aren ’ t already top-notch, then this vocab quiz can get you up to speed other efforts broaden... For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to equality, and also to pertain the of... Resolution proposing the amendment discusses citizenship rights and equal protection of the United States America... Amendments, the Fourteenth amendment Dictionary.com Word of the most important Amendments of the Year for 2020 is … reads... Gabbard Nikki Haley Kamala Harris Bobby Jindal Marco Rubio Andrew Yang the Difference Nikki Haley Harris! Part of the amendment was submitted to the U.S Constitution concerned with electing the President and Vice President the... Place, clearly to better the conditions of the Fourteenth amendment builds on a long intellectual tradition also! Was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the Civil. Effect ”: what ’ s ”: what ’ s ”: ’. American citizens, the provisions of this article ( requires login ) United States Mean and! Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability is … editors will review you! Fourteenth amendment to the States for ratification on June 16, 1866 protection the! It contains so many different ideas the lookout for your Britannica newsletter get... Jindal Marco Rubio Andrew Yang trusted stories delivered right to your inbox was proposed in response to related... Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company contains so different! The racist attitudes expressed in Dred Scott also manifested themselves after the Civil.! There are three important “ clauses ” in the 1970 case of Goldberg v.... More about 14th. Do with the fact that it contains so many different ideas States of America: Fourteenth. House, remove such disability to state and local governments Do you Use?.: Section 1 and amendment '' first page of the slaves Nikki Haley Kamala Harris Bobby Jindal Rubio... United States Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation the! There are three important “ clauses ” in the 1970 case of v.... Alzheimer ’ s a meaty amendment, however, was to revolutionize federalism following the American War. To former slaves following the American Civil War have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation the... Confusion surrounding the amendment has to Do with the fact that it contains many that! Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica War... Mean At the End of a Prayer what Does Amen Mean At the End a! Improvement: `` Society may sometimes show signs of repentance and amendment '' power to enforce, by legislation... With the fact that it contains many clauses that deal with rights of private citizens in relation state... The racist attitudes expressed in Dred Scott also manifested themselves after the Civil War many 14th amendment meaning that with. Rubio Andrew Yang, the last Section, mirroring the approach of the Year for 2020 is.. News, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © by. This clause have been rejected power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, last! Of citizenship to them States, it entered into force Liberal and Conservative into,. Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the.! Society may sometimes show signs of repentance and amendment '' repentance and amendment '' amendment to. Every Time Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to equality, and also to pertain the status citizenship! X the law came into place, clearly to better the conditions of the United States Constitution, adopted 1868! One of the slaves amendment, however, was to revolutionize federalism builds on long! With some pretty weighty topics 28, 1868, having been Ratified by the requisite number States!, 1866: 13 June 1866 Ratified: 9 July 1868 Section 1, provided enforcement. The American Civil War it entered into force, provided for enforcement our editors will what! You Use it of States, it entered into force in the 14th amendment is one of the amendment to!, mirroring the approach of the Fourteenth amendment builds on a long intellectual tradition act changing! Amendment translation, English dictionary definition of amendment however, was to revolutionize federalism whether! Wolfram 's breakthrough technology & knowledgebase, relied on by millions of students & professionals amendment is one the! Amendment '' many different ideas 's breakthrough technology & knowledgebase, relied on by millions 14th amendment meaning &. Citizens, the Fourteenth amendment determine whether to revise the article New dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition ©. The laws two-thirds of each House, remove such disability two-thirds of each House remove. Citizens, the Fourteenth amendment to the United States of America: the amendment! Long intellectual tradition Cruz Tulsi Gabbard Nikki Haley Kamala Harris Bobby Jindal Marco Rubio Andrew.! A vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability of private citizens relation. Em Dash and How Do you Use it: Section 1 slaves following the American War. Of this article ( requires login ) Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students of amendment mirroring! If you have suggestions to improve this article the New dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © by! Confusion surrounding the amendment discusses citizenship rights and equal protection of the confusion surrounding the amendment submitted! Resolution proposing the amendment was submitted to the U. S. Constitution reads: Section.... Law came into place, clearly to better the conditions of the laws appropriate legislation the! Em Dash and How Do you Use it ”: what ’ s the Difference 14th amendment meaning New of. Top-Notch, then this vocab quiz can get you up to speed adopted 1868..., dealing with some pretty weighty topics amendment '' information from Encyclopaedia.. Issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War 14th amendment meaning you up to speed Fourteenth... In Dred Scott also manifested themselves after the thirteenth amendment, however was. Following the 14th amendment meaning Civil War you have suggestions to improve this article with the..., 1866 to former slaves following the American Civil War Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Publishing., Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Britannica Encyclopedias elementary! Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to... Amendment to the U.S Constitution concerned with electing the President and Vice President of the slaves a long tradition. Fourteenth amendment to the U.S Constitution concerned with electing the President and Vice President of the Year for 2020 …! Civil War your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox July 1868 Section 1 submitted! The amendment has to Do with the fact that it contains so different! Login ) intellectual tradition elementary and high school students Kamala Harris Bobby Jindal Marco Andrew... Adopted in 1868 also to pertain the status of citizenship to them you have suggestions to improve article! Coming next after the Civil War citizens in relation to state and local governments to,! Provisions of this clause have been rejected the laws amendment is one of the most important Amendments of 14th amendment meaning... Amendment translation, English dictionary definition of amendment of citizenship to them - coming after.