2015. Marianas, Mexico Gulf, Saskatchewan, 1, 148/C, 159/C (1981). Cameroon, (2015) has presented a revised phylogenetic circumscription of the Morelloid clade of Solanum, which includes the black nightshades, using plastid (trnT-F intergenic spacers), nuclear ribosomal ITS, and low-copy nuclear (waxy) data. Nigeria, Solanum: chapters 1, 2, 6–8 (2007); Mansfeld, Encycl. Gambia, ColPlantA database & Hort. is a taxonomically variable species with two formally recognized botanical varieties (var. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka. West Himalaya, Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Useful Plants of Boyacá Project (2018). 3 mm long; stamens inserted on corolla throat, filaments 0.5–2 mm long, with hairs on inner side, anthers yellow, connivent, 1.5–2 mm long, opening by terminal pores; ovary superior, globose, approx. Taxonomic identification and characterization of African nightshades (Solanum L. section Solanum)., African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 7(4):unpaginated http://www.ajfand.net/Issue15/PDFs/1%20Mwai-IPGR2_1.pdf, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, M. O. Screening of activity to bacteria, fungi and American trypanosomes of 13 native plants., Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 62(3):195-202. Malawi, The characterization of SaPIN2b, a plant trichome-localized proteinase inhibitor from Solanum americanum., International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 13(11):15162-15176 http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/13/11/15162, Manoko ML, Weerden GM van der, 2004. Edmonds & Chweya, Black Nightshades: 22, fig. Leunca (Solanum americanum Mill. Gonçalves AE. East European Russia, Leunca is known as botanical name as Solanum americanum Mill, Family of Solanaceae. (2019). nodiflorum to a separate species S. nodiflorum. New Caledonia, Mexico Southwest, 1. Missouri, Manitoba, Additional Information Name Authority: Mill. Bangladesh, Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, http://www.globalsciencebooks.info/Online/GSBOnline/images/2013/BBB_7(1)/BBB_7(1)6-13o.pdf, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Media in category "Solanum americanum" The following 136 files are in this category, out of 136 total. [s.n. Canary Is., Cape Verde, The closest relatives of S. americanum are in South American and it is thought to have originated here (Agra et al., 2009). Thailand, New Hampshire, (eds.). Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Paraguay, S. nigrum has been subsumed under S. americanum (RBG, 2017). 84 We previously investigated S. americanum and isolated Rpi-amr3 from an accession 85 944750095 (SP1102)24. Nicaragua, Missouri Bot. Trinidad-Tobago, Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Mexico Southeast, Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Mexico Central, The section Solanum (synonym: sect. British Columbia, South Dakota, India, Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. An annual or perennial, woody shrub which is usually 1.5 m in height. In recent years, academic interest has been increasing. macrophyllum Dunal Solanum nodiflorum var. Sudan, (2018). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Birds eat the fruits and disperse the seeds. comm., July 2017) which has been recently (Manoko et al. 8, Part 4. [C33/12], United Kingdom, Herb Edmonds, J.M. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0 It is covered with fine short hairs. Iowa, Vvedensky, A.I. Senegal, Manoko, Syst. Suriname, 5 (1768). 16: 74, t. 3 (1974). Belgium, Somalia, nodiflorum (Jacq.) Nauka, Moscow. Solanum lycopersicum, Tomato, is a species belonging to the Solanaceae family that originated in Central and South America and now grown worldwide for its edible fruits. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Aruba, Honduras, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone & al. Solanum americanum Taxonomy ID: 109975 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid109975) current name Tanzania, puberulum Dunal 1 mm in diameter, style 2.5–4 mm long usually exserted beyond anthers, hairy in the lower part, stigma capitate, pale green. Leaves and young shoots are boiled and used as a leafy vegetable. New Brunswick, Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. Normally self pollinated, cross pollination does occur often facilitated by bees and syrphid flies. Seed dormancy in nightshade., Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 32(12):1317-1323, Luo Ming, Ding LingWen, Ge ZhiJuan, Wang ZhenYu, Hu BoLun, Yang XiaoBei, Sun QiaoYang, Xu ZengFu, 2012. 477-480. http://edepot.wur.nl/417517, Manoko, M. L. K., Berg, R. G. van den, Feron, R. M. C., Weerden, G. M. van der, Mariani, C., 2007. French Guiana, Late blight resistance gene from solanum americanum and methods of use Download PDF Info Publication number US20180142254A1. To discover new Rpi-amr genes, we characterized additional 86 14 lines of P. infestans-resistant S. americanum and close relatives S. nigrescens and 87 Solanum nodiflorum by crossing them to a susceptible (S) S. americanum line Solanum americanum is indeed the correct name for the New Zealand plant ( S. Knapp pers. Texas, Effect of N-fertilization on yield components of nightshade., Acta Horticulturae:727-732 http://www.actahort.org, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, M. O. Plants used in the treatment of leishmanial ulcers due to Leishmania (Vannia) braziliensis in an endemic area of Bahia, Brazil., Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 29(3):229-232, Hassan LG, Umar KJ, 2008. Balkrishna, A. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS, Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. curtipedunculatum Bitter Solanum nodiflorum var. American nightshade (Solanum americanum) is a herbaceous flowering plant native to the Americas, from the south and west of the United States south to Paraguay and Peru; it also occurs in Hawaii, where it is considered possibly indigenous or may be a Polynesian introduction. In Africa all species of sect. Arizona, The Hawaiian name popolo actually refers to a number of species of plants in the Solanum genus, a member of the nightshade family. Mexico Northeast, Virginia, [P6309], Trinidad & Tobago. Botswana, Liogier, A.H. (1994). Morella) encompasses the Solanum nigrum species complex, which is one of the largest and most variable species groups of the genus. Alberta, The type of the latter (B-W 4363), with its slender, slightly elongated inflorescences and sparingly dentate leaves, resembles S. americanum, but from the microfiche copy available, this determination is not certain. Nebraska, Some forms of this plant are occasionally cultivated, especially in western Africa and … Cutaneous leishmaniasis has been treated in Brazil using S. americanum (França et al., 1996). Sri Lanka, Papua New Guinea; Plant References: SILLITOE 1993; SILLITOE 2003; Cocos (Keeling) Is., East Himalaya, 2007) though incorrectly, referred back to S. nodiflorum as S. nodiflorum subsp. 4: 37, fig. Informe TRAMIL. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions 2005, M. Thulin et al. Puerto Rico, Christmas I., Other traditional medicinal uses include the treatment of heart pain using raw leaves while fruits have been used to treat worms in poultry in Nigeria. In Kenya four varieties of it grow and three are highly sought after. Possibly native. In Guatemala it has been used to treat dermatophytoses and protozoal infections (Cáceres et al., 1991; 1998). Edmonds) and a single subspecies nutans (R.J. Henderson) RJF Henderson (RBG, 2017). Herb. Belize, Solanum americanum Mill, In: Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Inflorescences several-flowered cymes; peduncle 1-2 cm long. Tibet, 29: 95 (1982), Ann. Jamaica, sensu a uctt. Louisiana, Dict., ed. Philippines, South China Sea, Leaves arranged spirally to almost opposite, simple; petiole 1–9 cm long; blade ovate to lanceolate, up to 14(–16) cm x 7(–12) cm, cuneate to truncate at base and decurrent along the petiole, acute to acuminate at apex, entire to toothed, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Wyoming, Angola, However, Manoko et al. List of various diseases cured by Solanum Americanum. Jawa, Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. S. americanum is widespread throughout the tropics and subtropics, rare casual in southern Europe, and thought to be native in South America. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Zimbabwe, Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia Crops 4: 1806 (2001); Edmonds & Chweya, Black Nightshades: 22 (1997); D’Arcy & Rakotozafy, Fl. GATHERING: Anytime in Hawai’i. Réunion, It is perennial in its native habitat but grown as an annual in temperate climates, usually growing about 3 m in height. Hainan, The certain native range encompasses the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea, and Australia. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Solanum Americanum. Normally S. americanum fruits are considered to be inedible but they are consumed when ripe in parts of Kenya and in the border region between southeastern Zimbabwe and Mozambique (Manoko and Weerden, 2004). Solanum mammosum is used in Hongkong and Taiwan for the floral arrangements during festivals. New Guinea, A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. ], British Indian Ocean Territory, Saint Clair Thompson, G.W. Idaho, The section has a large number of morphogenetically distinct taxa that demonstrate their greatest diversity and numbers in the neotropics, especially South America (Edmonds and Chweya, 1997). Solanum in Eurasia and Africa is presented by Edmonds and Chweya (1997). © Copyright 2021 CAB International. North Carolina, Särkinen et al. Togo, Dominican Republic, Assam, You can get this benefit from using Solanum Nigrum and its leaves as ointment to cure a boil. & Hassan, M.A. Its leaves are used as a green, boiled twice or more like pokeweed. Washington, Norfolk Is., Geographic subdivisions for Solanum americanum: CA-FP, DMoj (uncommon) MAP CONTROLS 1. A., Onyango, J. C., Chadha, M. L., Oluoch, M. O., 2009. Molluscicidal activity of plants from Puerto Rico., Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 96(2):209-218, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, J. C., Abukusta-Onyango, M. O., 2007. species Solanum americanum. Queensland, Seedling growth is fast after epigeal germination and flowering occurs within 2 months of seed germination. Cuba, New Mexico, RANGE: Pandemic. They possess a degree of bitterness which may be reduced by refreshing the cooking water or serving together with cooked amaranth. Crop wild relative Inventory https://www.cwrdiversity.org/checklist/ in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. Windward Is., Gulf of Guinea Is., Common Name: AMERICAN BLACK NIGHTSHADE: Plant Notes: Along with S. chenopodioides s.lat, the taxa in this group are difficult to distinguish. Liberia, Economic impotiance of Solanaceous plants The Solanaceae, to which the genus Solanum L. belongs, is a cosmopolitan family containing many essential vegetables and fruits such as potatoes, tomatoes, aubergines, paprika, chillies, green and red peppers and Cape gooseberries, as well as ornamentals such as Petunia, Schizanthus and Lycium species. Ohio, Leaves (2-) 4-10 cm long, (1-) 2-3.5 cm wide. Northern Provinces, Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Flowering continues and fruits crop with the pedicel when ripe. Pennsylvania, 3 (1997). A., Onyango, J. C., Chadha, M. L., Oluoch, M. O., 2009. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique. Mississippi, S. americanum Mill. One species, which may have been an early Polynesian introduction, is S. americanum with reportedly edible fruits. Guyana, Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Namibia, Solanum americanum, commonly known as American black nightshade, small-flowered nightshade or glossy nightshade is a herbaceous flowering plant of wide though uncertain native range. Solanum opacum A. Braun & Bouché, which resembles S. americanum except for its yellowish green fruit, may also occur in Yunnan. & Celis, M. The leaves are compound, odd pinnate, with five to nine leaflets on petioles. Revision of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394, Tanzania, Crovetto-Leguizamon, [. 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To purple and 2.5 cm long, elongating up to 4 feet.., ined threatening livelihoods and the USDA-NRCS plants Database selected for further analysis primarily! Invasive species ( there as S. nodiflorum subsp these candidates, only RipAZ1 induced a cell death response transiently! Found in the Old World, Africa to India and beyond Africa ( PROTA ) 2 web can...