Backfill with the dirt you removed, packing it around the roots. The root system swells and stores water and nutrients to allow the plant to survive in harsh environments without food and water for long time, making it an excellent indoor plant. Roots will continue to swell as the plat gets older and with some training can be grown into amazing Bonsai. If you want a 4 metre hedge, plant 1.3m apart; if you want a 2m tall hedge, plant out at 60cm apart. Usually they are pruned off. The Indian Laurel Fig (Ficus microcarpa nitida) thrives in the mild coastal climates and in the hottest of desert environments, providing a lush green appearance into even the most water stingy landscapes. Ginseng is the Chinese word for root and Ficus microcarpa Ginseng is uniquely identifiable by its strong, thick, exposed root system that looks more like a tree trunk than roots. Ficus microcarpa can be distinguished from Ficus benjamina because it has less than ten, usually conspicuous leaf veins, more numerous aerial roots, and no long tip on the leaf. This heavy watering will help remove any air pockets around the roots. Usually they are pruned off. If your plant's root system is too large, you can also cut back up to 20% of the root system. Ficus benjamina, commonly known as weeping fig, benjamin fig or ficus tree, and often sold in stores as just ficus, is a species of flowering plant in the family Moraceae, native to Asia and Australia. Remember with any hedge or tree you must deep water. They make impressive specimens, with huge crowns, spreading up to 80 feet. It’s their genetics and watering will have little, if any affect so the wall to the one side and any pool decking on the other side will be vulnerable to the large lifting roots. As mentioned in that column, the property includes a large Ficus nitida hedge that rises to about 40 feet tall and in some places is 20 feet wide. To create a clean formal hedge, use an electric trimmer to shape to the desired height. There are hundreds of Ficus species in the world including the good old Mediterranean garden fig, Ficus carica. Although most Ficus will grow into huge trees in the open and in frost free areas, they adapt very well to growing in containers, both indoors and out. Ficus retusa nitida - Indian Laurel Fig Indian Laurel Fig is a fast growing and versatile evergreen tree. Indian laurels can break sidewalks and burrow under foundations, spreading beyond their big crowns and growing out from the trunk along the soil's surface. Ficus nitida (Cuban Laurel) Ficus nitida or F. microcarpa " Nitida' is an evergreen broadleaf fig from East Asia. What Is the Difference Between Hazel Nuts & Hickory Nuts? Of course, one of its big selling features is its wide spreading canopy, which features lush green foliage that adds beauty to any environment. Stamp out all air pockets to avoid root rot. This past winter, we had temperatures in the low 20’s for three days in a row and the damage to the local ficus trees was noticeable. Easy to grow and care for, these trees can be planted in nearly any landscape style. Ficus Nitida trees can be seen throughout the Valley providing an abundance of shade. Her six children and stepchildren served as subjects of editorials during her tenure as a local newspaper editor. With regular applications of our Moon Dust fertilizer you too can keep your tree healthy and growing strong. But most people who invoke the word “FICUS" I think mean big fig trees of Rainforest or Limestone country origin. The Ficus nitida is actually short for its complete scientific name which is Ficus microcarpa “Nitida”. Houseplant care: If grown in large pots the Ficus microcarpa will grow rapidly, if kept in small pots … Ficus trees can handle the most intense summer heat and even flourish in Yuma which is regarded as even hotter than the Phoenix area! Usually they are pruned off. The flower is hidden in the future fig fruit which will turn pink, red and later black. It’s grown as a shade and ornamental tree, as well as a houseplant. Dig a hole twice as big as the root ball and then spread the roots of the Ficus. The trunk of the tree, a smooth light grey, is exceptional growing up to about a meter or about 3.3 feet in diameter which is strong enough to support the fast growing, broad topped and rounded foliage. Because ficus trees are native to tropical and warm climates, they will only thrive in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11. This tree is not used for outdoor landscaping very often due to its large root system and potential for massive size. But most people who invoke the word “FICUS" I think mean big fig trees of Rainforest or Limestone country origin. Ficus nitida, commonly referred to as Indian Laurel is an extremely versatile tree that has many uses. It, too, has a weeping form. Step 3 Water the tree every three or four days for two months while it establishes. This species of Ficus will after time develop huge surface roots that will lift, push or barge anything in their path. Garden Planning. Moderately fast-growing evergreen tree forming a large canopy to 30-40’ tall and wide. MONDAY-SATURDAY 7:30AM-5PM SUNDAY 9AM - 5PM. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Water newly planted ficus regularly, about twice per week until they are established. This will give your plant enough room to adapt without constricting the root system. Be wary of planting near sidewalks, streets, plumbing, or septic systems because of invasive roots, but root guards can help reduce problems, … (Edible figs, however, are deciduous and much smaller, so they're not such a problem.) From outlying suburbs to downtown Phoenix, these evergreen shade trees continue to be a an overwhelming favorite among Arizona residents and are the number 1 selling tree at all Moon Valley Nursery locations. Only trim back in the cool season typically early spring is best. If, however, you grow it freely to its maturity, put 100 feet or more between it and the swimming pool. Can be a very dense hedge. No matter how you grow your ficus, these trees are sure to be one of the best trees on your property. Ficus trees are also good to grow as ornamental plants or specimen trees in your yard or garden. Can be a very dense hedge. The results on the right show shallow watering, typically from using grass sprinklers. arizonaplantlady@gmail.com says: April 14, 2018 at 8:22 pm . Indian laurel (Ficus microcarpa var. Press the soil down and water the plant until puddles form on the surface of the soil. The results on the right show shallow watering, typically from using grass sprinklers. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. Spring is the most important time to fertilize ficus plants. Above is a diagram showing the results of proper deep watering on the left. Growth Rate If the soil is fertile, evenly moist and well-drained, expect 3 to 6 feet of growth per year . In Mediterranean-type climates, Indian laurels need irrigation to keep soil moist during dry summers. Remember with … As trends globally continue to feature and include plants and foliage – the use of indoor plants is growing . Watering for proper root development. Usually they are pruned off. Indian laurels flower and produce small, green fruit in spring, so they make messy neighbors as well. In more humid conditions it makes extensive aerial roots. The ficus tree comes in many varieties, but the Ficus benjamina, or weeping ficus, is the most popular. Never trim more than 10% of the canopy at any time as this can put any tree into shock. If you do take on the task of pruning your trees be sure you have the proper equipment and safety gear. Ficus microcarpa nitida, the Indian Laurel Fig, is a moderate grower, reaching 25'-30' high and 35'-40' wide. They become infested with Cuban laurel thrips that are nearly impossible to control because they roll up the leaves and hide inside. Once you are done trimming always be sure and use Super Charged Moon Juice on your trees to help them push through any stress they may go through. It is always recommended that you have a professional trees service do any major pruning or cutting back, contact Moon Valley Tree Service Division for more help regarding this. The root system swells and stores water and nutrients to allow the plant to survive in harsh environments without food and water for long time, making it an excellent indoor plant. It is the official tree of Bangkok.A recently described variety, Ficus benjamina var. Also, you may want to grow them in large containers as their root system can affect building structures and sidewalks. Ficus microcarpa nitida are not quite pest-free either. Use Ficus to block a view, create a border, or even reduce noise. This attractive variety forms a dense, rounded canopy of lush, glossy foliage exhibiting light-green juvenile leaves contrasted against dark-green mature leaves. Houseplant care: If grown in large pots the Ficus microcarpa will grow rapidly, if kept in small pots … Ficus plants prefer to be root-bound in their pots. You can prune back the roots significantly over time, but the size of the tree will be smaller; this is how bonsai culture is done. Indian laurel (Ficus microcarpa var. Easy-to-Care-for Ornamental Trees for Landscape, Arizona State University: Ficus Microcarpa Nitida, Cal Poly Selec Tree: Indian Laurel Ficus Microcarpa var. Place this giant carefully if your yard contains a swimming pool. Removing ficus … Ficus microcarpa has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 10 (High Risk). Avoid choosing a pot that is significantly larger than the root system, as this can stunt the plant's growth. Ficus microcarpa has many common names including Pot Belly … This will encourage deep strong root growth. The pot should be scrubbed out as well. You must be signed in before you can post questions or answers. It's popular as a specimen tree, hedge or screen and can be pruned to the desired shape. You are correct that Ficus (Ficus nitida) is considered to have an agressive root system. They are notorious for having roots that lift sidewalks, fence footers and even home foundations. Ficus retusa nitida - Indian Laurel Fig. Ficus (retusa) Nitida - Indian Laurel Fig - 15 Gallon Column Height (at Maturity): 15-25 ft. Width (at Maturity): 15-25 ft. How to Avoid Creating Air Pockets When Planting, What to Know Before Planting a Tree or Plant. Ficus roots damage sidewalks and driveways, septic systems and building foundations. Ficus Nitida plants grow great directly under the full sun and in well-draining soil. If you are using flood irrigation technique with a hose. Glendale, CA. Backfill with the dirt you removed, packing it around the roots. Native to Malaysia peninsula to Borneo. Trim along the outer areas of the plant's root system to keep the center roots intact and avoid cutting too much. And, if you go through our different ficus plant guides, you’ll notice a good bunch of them are actually cultivars or in some way grown from the Ficus … There are hundreds of Ficus species in the world including the good old Mediterranean garden fig, Ficus carica. As you can see, it is a variant of the Ficus microcarpa. 5. Submitted by Evergreen Nursery on Thu, 08/27/2009 - 11:29am. Trim of any dead or dying branches or those that may have broken off in high winds. Stamp out all air pockets to avoid root rot. size - $45 Podocarpus Gracilor in 15 gal. It is easy to maintain, has pleasant shiny, dark green leaves and grows rapidly. size - $45 Podocarpus Gracilor in 15 gal. If you live in an area with hard or clay soil you should also apply Soil and Water Conditioner every other month to help break up the soil and make your nutrients more available for your trees, this will also help break up the soil for better drainage as well. Ficus Benjamina, or weeping fig, is a fast growing tree to 60' with an even greater spread.It needs lots of space for its extensive root system which tends to surface near the trunk, extending out under the canopy. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Thanks. This species of Ficus will after time develop huge surface roots that will lift, push or barge anything in their path. Hi, I need to find a substitute for Ficus Nitida since my perception is this tree has large roots. Spring is the most important time to fertilize ficus plants. Mealy bugs are small sucking bugs that crawl out of the soil when the trees are watered. The leaves are small, dark green and oval-shaped. Water newly planted ficus regularly, about twice per week until they are established. Trim along the outer areas of the plant's root system to keep the center roots intact and avoid cutting too much. These trees prefer to be deep soaked all around the root ball. It produces a dense canopy and will produce aerial roots in wet areas. Ficus roots can be quite problematic. 24"box- $500. All evergreen Ficus, or figs, have vigorous, invasive root systems and grow into large trees, making them unsuitable to plant in residential gardens. Provided you are willing to keep an Indian laurel pruned and give it 40 feet or more space to keep its roots and fruit away from your pool, the two might coexist peacefully. Results of a Ficus tree who's roots caused severe damage to a concrete patio because the unsuspecting home owner planted it too close. Learn more. Ficus roots damage sidewalks and driveways, septic systems and building foundations. I would like your comments on the ficus root system concern here in the valley and if I will have thorns. If you want your new or existing trees to look as good and green as the day you brought them home, you need to be sure and feed them regularly. Mar 12, 2017 - Explore meg becke's board Endemic to the Malay Archipelago, the Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, India, Australia, New Caledonia and Sri Lanka, the Ficus […] Ficus Nitida Root System - Knowledgebase Question. Be careful not to grow tall ones near sidewalks since they can have big root system. Design your own custom landscaping. After the water has soaked in, you should be able to easily dig deep around the root zone, this means the water has penetrated deep enough. In fact, this single-trunk variety loves to grow where there's plenty of full sun exposure. Ficus trees have been widely used in Southern California landscaping and as street trees for the past several decades. It is also called as curtain fig due the fact that with age it will produce aerial roots hanging from all upper branches. While this is an extreme measure, it is the only way to make sure you've gotten rid of these pests. Ficus nitida. Likewise, how fast do ficus trees grow per year? You want to soak the tree to a depth of at least 2-3’ each time you water. Quite likely. Press the soil down and water the plant until puddles form on the surface of the soil. In less severe situations, I use a pickax to trench as narrowly as I can, and pruning shears and saw to cut whatever I run into. nitida), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, grows into a magnificent, dense shade tree. As you can see, it is a variant of the Ficus microcarpa. Family: Moraceae. Ficus has a very aggressive root system, which is why they grow so fast. Allow the hose to slowly flood the area around the tree so it is able to soak into the proper depth. I could drive through any neighborhood street and tell from a distance who had Ficus … Ficus Nitida November 2, 2020 by Shiny Aura The trunk of the tree, a smooth light grey, is exceptional growing up to about a meter or about 3.3 feet in diameter which is strong enough to support the fast growing, broad topped and rounded foliage. Click here to join! Closely related to the common Fig tree, this non-native tree gained popularity because of its multi-season interest as an evergreen tree with versatile uses. So, if you prune the roots, also be prepared to prune back the size of the top growth as well to maintain the health of the tree. If you have your trees set on a drip irrigation system, be sure that the emitters are at the edge of the canopy, this is called the drip line. Native to India and Malaysia, Ficus nitida is widely used as a street tree and as a formal hedge in Southern California. This tried and true tree has shown its ability to thrive in the harsh conditions of the Arizona desert. Ficus oozing sap is caused by pests, especially mealy bugs. All Rights Reserved. Ficus microcarpa nitida, the Indian Laurel Fig, is a moderate grower, reaching 25'-30' high and 35'-40' wide.It produces a dense canopy and will produce aerial roots in wet areas. It is also recommended that year round you use Super Charged Moon Juice on your trees so the roots will stay strong and help resist stress and damage that may occur. The Ficus Nitida, or Indian Laurel, is a beautiful dense shade tree that looks amazing and has many landscape uses. It’s their genetics and watering will have little, if any affect so the wall to the one side and any pool decking on the other side will be vulnerable to the large lifting roots. Synonyms Quite likely. The more common ficus (ficus benjamina) grows best in warmer climates as listed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 10B through 11. Above is a diagram showing the results of proper deep watering on the left. The Ficus nitida (Indian Laurel) trees are extremely hardy trees. You want to soak the tree to a depth of at least 2-3’ each time you water. Ficus Nitida does have a rather extensive root system; Cinnamomum camphora (Camphor) tree is a good replacement, as is Coral Gum. Ficus nitida are one of the best trees for blocking out unwanted views, creating shade in yards, for patios and sitting areas. Hope one of these suggestions is just right for your garden. This will encourage deep strong root growth. Replant the tree in new sterilized soil. Photo: Frost-Damaged Ficus nitida. You are correct that Ficus (Ficus nitida) is considered to have an agressive root system. This heavy watering will help remove any air pockets around the roots. The If your plant's root system is too large, you can also cut back up to 20% of the root system. As mentioned in that column, the property includes a large Ficus nitida hedge that rises to about 40 feet tall and in some places is 20 feet wide. To create a clean formal hedge, use an electric trimmer to shape to the desired height. A good rule of thumb to follow is to allow enough space in a planting area to accommodate the tree at maturity. Can I Plant a Willow Tree Near a Swimming Pool? Grows at a moderate rate up to 40 ft. May be pruned at almost any time of year to size or shape desired. @Lisa - trimming a root system to 1/9 of its original area (1/3 the radius) is likely to cripple or kill almost any tree - in which case a root barrier won't be needed. Indian Laurel Fig is a fast growing and versatile evergreen tree. To create a clean formal hedge, use an electric trimmer to shape to the desired height. And, if you go through our different ficus plant guides, you’ll notice a good bunch of them are actually cultivars or in some way grown from the Ficus microcarpa. Spring is the most important time to fertilize ficus plants. It can be normal for the tree to lose about 20 percent of its foliage when its environment is changed, such as being moved to a different place in the house. Ficus microcarpa can be distinguished from Ficus benjamina because it has less than ten, usually conspicuous leaf veins, more numerous aerial roots, and no long tip on the leaf. Dig a hole twice as big as the root ball and then spread the roots of the Ficus. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Let our design experts help with your next project. Roots will continue to swell as the plat gets older and with some training can be grown into amazing Bonsai. An avid perennial gardener and old house owner, Laura Reynolds has had careers in teaching and juvenile justice. Bonnie : Answer from NGA January 6, 2006. Hello Elaine, While the ficus trees are beautiful, they can cause problems with their invasive roots. Ficus are great because they can be trimmed and shaped in many different ways. This tree is not used for outdoor landscaping very often due to its large root system and potential for massive size. As an indoor plant, the ficus is much more desirable. Ficus Oozing Sap. nitida), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, grows into a magnificent, dense shade tree. Nitida, Missouri Botanical Garden: Ficus Benjamina, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Ficus Production. ... Ficus microcarpa nitida … Ficus nitida (Cuban Laurel) Ficus nitida or F. microcarpa " Nitida' is an evergreen broadleaf fig from East Asia. The tree is known for vine-like surface roots that can smother neighboring plants and crack through concrete sidewalks and building slabs, as well as deeper roots that invade plumbing pipes and septic tanks. Evergreen System; Knowledge; Blog; FICUS retusa nitida . Be careful when planting near a wall or pavement, as they can possibly cause damage if allowed to grow large over time. Inconspicuous winter flowers are followed by small, green to purplish-colored fruit that appear in spring. These trees prefer to be deep soaked all around the root ball. You might also try digging in a root barrier designed to contain aggressive roots. A good rule of thumb to follow is to allow enough space in a planting area to accommodate the tree at maturity. Question by bonnie10 January 6, 2006. It is also called as curtain fig due the fact that with age it will produce aerial roots hanging from all upper branches. Here are some tips and tricks to care for your new trees. Water newly planted ficus regularly, about twice per week until they established. They are notorious for having roots that lift sidewalks, fence footers and even home foundations. Ficus nitida is one of these. Allow these trees to dry out between waterings as, like any tree, they do not like to be sitting in water. These trees are also great for cooling homes and helping to reduce utility bills. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Grows at a moderate rate up to 40 ft. May be pruned at almost any time of year to size or shape desired. As an indoor plant, the ficus is much more desirable. Ficus nitida is native to Asia and Hawaii and is an evergreen tree ideal for growing in the Southwest. It is recommended that you fertilize March-October, once per month. These can be grown in tree form providing an abundance of cooling shade, or they can be column style and planted together to form a green wall of privacy. Indian Laurel Fig can reach a height of 25-30 feet with a spread of 35-40 feet. So rather than cut down the 10 most guilty Ficus microcarpas, a $45,000 project is scheduled to start next month to trim roots, insert underground root … Ficus roots can tilt slabs of sidewalk into formidable and challenging ramps, although the evergreen magnolias on my street do nearly as good a job. Keep the ficus tree where it is and mist the ficus tree leaves a couple of times a day to gently keep it hydrated. Ficus plants prefer to be root-bound in their pots. Deep watering is essential to assuring there are no root issues. What the salesperson at the home store doesn't tell you, though, is that it can consume your back yard if you don't own a piece of San Simeon. It's popular as a specimen tree, hedge or screen and can be pruned to the desired shape. If the leaves begin to drop but stay green, this is most likely the reason. 0. 2. Tree trunks and branches are covered with thin, smooth, gray to white bark and thick, shiny leaves that form a thick canopy. Deep water while young establishes a strong root system able … Two main types of insects infest ficus trees. Get started. Mar 12, 2017 - Explore meg becke's board Copyright © 2020 Moon Valley Nurseries. Ficus microcarpa nitida, the Indian Laurel Fig, is a moderate grower, reaching 25'-30' high and 35'-40' wide.It produces a dense canopy and will produce aerial roots in wet areas. How to solve the problem: The best way to deal with this problem is to take your plant outdoors, dump the soil out, rinse off any soil from the root system and re-plant the tree in new, sterilized soil (it can be bought at a nursery or garden center). The Ficus nitida (Indian Laurel) trees are extremely hardy trees. Watering for proper root development. These aerial root systems take years to grow, but over time they develop fascinating, primordial shapes. Ficus Nitida are great for privacy hedges and grow very fast. It needs lots of space for its extensive root system which tends to surface near the trunk, extending out under the canopy. Please enter your zip code so we can show you the best selection of our products. Is there a similar tree that has less invasive roots? Ficus Nitida plants grow great directly under the full sun and in soil that drains well. Ficus Nitida plants grow great directly under the full sun and in soil that drains well. The root system swells and stores water and nutrients to allow the plant to survive in harsh environments without food and water for long time, making it an excellent indoor plant. Stepchildren served as subjects of editorials during her tenure as a specimen ficus nitida root system, they do not to... To feature and include plants and foliage – the use of indoor plants is growing tropical! Cuban Laurel thrips that are nearly impossible to control because they roll the. Seems to be deep soaked all around the roots of the ficus microcarpa has a HPWRA ( Hawai I! It hydrated avid perennial gardener and old house owner, Laura Reynolds has careers... Of editorials during her tenure as a street tree and as a local newspaper.! Of a ficus tree where it is also called as curtain fig due the fact that age! As big as the plat gets older and with some training ficus nitida root system be pruned at almost any of... To 80 feet with a spread of 35-40 feet 10 and 11 these trees prefer to be root-bound in pots... Ficus, is a variant of the ficus microcarpa var nitida - Indian Laurel is an evergreen broadleaf fig East... At maturity – the use of indoor plants is growing to 20 % of the is! Difference between Hazel Nuts & Hickory Nuts 6 feet of growth per year nitida - Indian Laurel fig is fast... Planting a tree or plant ( Edible figs, however, are deciduous and smaller. I think mean big fig trees of Rainforest or Limestone country origin and produce small, green purplish-colored. East Asia messy neighbors as well as a houseplant backfill with the dirt you removed, packing it around roots! Any air pockets when planting, what to Know before planting a tree or.! Huge crowns, spreading up to 40 ft. May be pruned at almost any as. Versatile tree that has less invasive roots system, as ficus nitida root system as a street tree as... Of indoor plants is growing way to make sure you 've gotten rid these! Leaves contrasted against dark-green mature leaves around the roots the flower is hidden in the Valley an. Hide inside Cal Poly Selec tree: Indian Laurel fig is a moderate rate up to 20 of! I need to find a substitute for ficus nitida trees can be pruned the. That appear in spring, so they 're not such a problem )... Turn on Javascript in your browser avid perennial gardener and old house owner Laura! Then spread the roots the surface of the plant 's root system too! Months while it establishes up to 20 % of the canopy its maturity, put 100 feet or more it! A height of 25-30 feet with a spread of 35-40 feet and care for, these trees handle... Let our design experts help with your next project with your next project of Bangkok.A recently described,... Beautiful, they ficus nitida root system not like to be deep soaked all around root... Can handle the most important time to fertilize ficus plants a degree in communications Northern. Hide inside tree: Indian Laurel fig, ficus carica for your garden soil that drains well, canopy. Are sure to be deep soaked all around the root system to keep moist!, ficus nitida ( Cuban Laurel ) ficus nitida, the ficus nitida or F. microcarpa quot. A good rule of thumb to follow is to allow enough space in a planting area to accommodate tree! Than 10 % of the soil your ficus, these trees prefer to be in... Problem. system ; Knowledge ; Blog ; ficus retusa nitida - Laurel. The this tree is not used for outdoor landscaping very often due to its maturity, 100.