The wood of black birch is heavy at 47 pounds per foot and is used for furniture, millwork, and cabinets. The Old List is a database of ancient trees that officially tracks old trees, their species, and location. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 20 m (66 ft) high. See pictures of some of the most popular birch cultivars. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. ‘Betula’ (genus of birch) is a Latin word. Corrections? Interesting Facts Birch is in the genus Betula. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. Though less sweet than the sap of sugar maple (Acer saccharum), hardy in USDA zones 3 through 8, paper birch sap is used to make wine, beer and table syrup. I'd like to see this species used a lot more in landscaping as it is so lovely. How long do birch trees live? The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding. Young trees have smooth bark. The tree has an upright habit and grows to be tall with slightly pendulous branches. Usually about 18 m (60 feet) tall, the tree may reach 24 m or more in the southern Appalachians; on poor soil it may be stunted and shrublike. 2. Nestled in the Ozarks it was named for the tree growing near the post office. Some species of birch can live hundreds of years under optimal conditions. Fast-growing, the Silver Birch has a light canopy, which casts dappled shade allowing other plants to grow beneath it, pendulous branches and golden yellow autumn leaf colour. Sweet birch, (Betula lenta), North American ornamental and timber tree in the family Betulaceae. Birch trees are particularly associated with specific fungi, including fly agaric, woolly milk cap, birch milk cap, birch brittlegill, birch knight, chanterelle and the birch polypore (razor strop). Sweet birch, (Betula lenta), also called black birch, cherry birch, and red birch, North American ornamental and timber tree in the family Betulaceae. ... Regionally, the cherry birch may be called by other common names, including black birch, sweet birch, mahogany birch, Virginia roundleaf birch, or spice birch. It grows long catkins, the remains of which stay attached to the husk until they fall off. The beech tree is a sturdy and imposing tree with a short trunk and wide-spreading crown. Birch trees usually have yellow, oval shaped leaves in the fall. Don’t laugh, Viburnum, Missouri, got it’s name in a similar way. Then she began to chew on the cut end of the twig, and I began to pay attention. Trees are the longest living organisms on Earth, and never die of old age. Also known as Black birch or Cherry birch. Hardiness Zone. Growth rate is medium, 20 feet over a 20 year period. Xylitol is a carbohydrate found in the birch tree and several kinds of fruit. This tree … Here are our tips on how to spot them, why some may look a little different and other interesting facts about this fantastic species. The Sweet Birch Tree is an excellent tree for parks and naturalized areas. But this symbol of the north country — and state tree of New Hampshire — has earned its place in history as a continuously useful tree that has served North Americans since the earliest days of human activity. Facts on the Sweet Gum Tree. Wildlife Benefits Considered a short-lived tree, the paper birch provides valuable forage for many birds and mammals. Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae. Its bark can be recognised from its long diagonal fissures. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. Also called sweet birch, cherry birch, or mahogany birch, this species is perhaps the only tree around that is best recognized by the flavor of its twigs. • Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis) • Green Alder (Alnus viridis) • European Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) • Speckled Alder (Alnus incana) Flowers: Spring About & Species GROWING INFORMATION Sweet Birch (Betula lenta) The Sweet Birch can reach heights of 40 to 55 feet. Native ... Betula lenta L. – sweet birch Subordinate Taxa. This tree is not affected by the Bronze Birch Borer, so it will be long-lived and trouble-free. Given effective grass and weed control, river birch is easy to establish. Sweet Birch is a lovely forest tree native to New England, New York, Pennsylvania, northern New Jersey, east Ohio, and down the Appalachians into northern Georgia and Alabama, growing wild in upland mesic (moist) or dry mesic forest, and usually on north or east facing slopes of hills and mountains in acid soils. Here is some detailed information on birch trees. Overview Information Birch are trees that are native to Europe and parts of Asia. Background Information on Sweet Birch Native Americans used birch leaves and dried bark as a tea to relieve aches and pains, cramps, colds, congestions, fevers. The strobiles are erect and ovoid and hairless. document.write(''); It was a tree just like any other growing in the mountains of Southeast Kentucky, but it glowed like gold in the fall mountain sunshine. Birch is known as pioneer species because it easily populates habitats destroyed by fire. Some large, diverse nurseries grew some in northeast Illinois in the 1980's and probably still do. Position: Full sun to part shade. When this lovely tree is used in landscapes, it is best not to place it in hot, dry, exposed locations. Birch beer is made from the sap. There are various varieties of the acacia tree, many of which are grown for commercial purposes, while many for ornamental purposes. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. This is the birch from which birch beer is derived. Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, acidic or basic, provided they are not waterlogged; but prefers chalky soils and limestone. They can live to be 150 or 200 years old. Sweetshrub (Calycanthus floridus) has many common names, including Carolina allspice, strawberry-bush, sweet bubby, sweet Betsy and spicebush.As these names indicate, it is valued for the sweet, often fruity fragrance of its flowers. She rarely used her pocket knife. The tree is known for the strong wintergreen scent of its bark and leaves. There are around 60 different species of birch that grow in temperate climate around the world. Home Into the Forest Trees, Plants & Animals Trees Birch Birch facts Birches, including Silver Birch (Betula pendula) and Downy Birch (Betula pubescens) are the most common native trees in Scotland, are a vital part of the Caledonian Forest, both as pioneer species in the pinewoods and through forming extensive stands of their own. "When crushed the leaves twigs give off a sweet wintergreen fragrance. There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. Soil Type: It is similar to yellow birch wood and often not distinguished from it in the lumber trade. It's not fussy about soil type and can grow even in poor soils. Omissions? Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae. Birch, Sweet is a graceful tree which stands at about 25 metres high, and has a pyramidal shape while young. Birch trees are recognizable by their bark, which peels off in strips in all birches except the gray birch. Tape the … The bark peels to reveal creamy young growth which, with age, develops dark grooves. This fruit tree is known for its juicy, sweet-tasting apricots that are good for fresh eating, ... As its name suggests, the river birch naturally grows along riverbanks. The Sweet Birch is a fast growing tree in seedling stage and then medium speed with age. They are native to temperate Europe, Asia and North America. In favourable conditions, it can… The flowers produced by birch trees are green and have no petals. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. By the way, the town of Birch Tree is in Missouri, elevation 991 feet, population 679. Common Name: River Birch, Red Birch Latin Name: Betula nigra Soil: Medium moisture, well-drained. Hardy in USDA Zones 3 to 7. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be dry to moist soils. There are 13 species of beech. I remember seeing the first Sweet Birch tree in a cemetery in Urbana, Illinois during a woody plant class expedition at the University of Illinois with Dr. Michael Dirr, and it looked good being about 30 feet high in full sun and surrounded by lawn, (and the soil must have been a silt-clay loam with a pH about 7.0). Here are 11 species you should know about and limitations on their use. Facts. It has bright green leaves and a dark reddish-brown aromatic bark, which is broken into plates or patches.The essential oil is made by steam distillation of the bark macerated in warm water. Characteristics of Birch Tree Roots. The smooth, shiny, nonpeeling outer bark, red brown on Native to the eastern United States, the tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, serving as a caterpillar/larval host. Between the 2000 and the 2010 census Birch Tree’s population increased by 45 people. Acid, alkaline or neutral. By the way, the town of Birch Tree is in Missouri, elevation 991 feet, population 679. Birch water is a slightly sweet, low-calorie, low-sugar beverage that’s especially high in magnesium, manganese, and antioxidants. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry. Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, acidic or basic, provided they are not waterlogged; but prefers chalky soils and limestone. It has a dark brown to greyish black color. This species is resistant to bronze birch borer (BBB). Porcupines feed on the inner bark while voles consume paper birch seeds, as do several bird species. Let us discuss some more interesting acacia tree facts. Plus, learn how to plant, care for and use birch trees in your garden. It usually grows near the lakes and rivers. Defer any necessary For example, the yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) can live for up to 300 years, although its average lifespan is 150 years in the wild. Cherry birch is also variously called black birch for its dark, shiny bark, and sweet birch for its wintergreen-smelling twigs. thrive in Eastern woodlands and along rivers. birch seed is usually counter-productive. Yellow Birch is an aromatic, medium-sized, slow growing, long lived, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree that grows about 60 to 75 feet (18-23 m) in height and up to 2 feet (0.6 m) in diameter, and sometimes grows to 100 feet (30 m) in height and 4 feet (1.2 m) in diameter. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. The hard, close-grained wood is similar to that of yellow birch but denser and of deeper colour; both are used for veneer, flooring, furniture, doors, plywood, and vehicle parts. Interesting Birch tree Facts: Birch is a medium-sized tree that can reach 30 to 50 feet in height. Birch Tree: Facts & Info on Birch Trees. The plant is native to Europe where it typically occurs in wood margins, heaths, hills and slopes, and its distribution extends into Siberia, Asia Minor, especially in northern Turkey, to the Caucasus and northern Iran. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, is a medium-sized deciduous tree, which is classified under Betulaceae family. The Black Birch is botanically called Betula lenta . Water birch is appropriately named as it favors wet ground such as riparian valleys where black cottonwood and willow grow, and also canyon springs and streamsides; yet this shrubby tree is tough, able to withstand extremes of heat and cold without a problem.. Water birch grows from Alaska to Arizona including Washington east of the Cascade Mountains, where it's rooted in remnant natural … The peeling white bark and delicate tracery of branches make this tree attractive even in the depths of winter; a mature tree covered in hoar frost is a memorable sight. The deciduous leaves are rather conical, with a lightly toothed edge, a bright and glossy yellow green, … ... And the sweet birch (Betula lenta) can live to be 250 years. Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. Compare birch tree types native to the US, including river birch, paper birch and yellow birch. sweet birch Betulaceae Betula lenta L. symbol: BELE Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, ovate, with an acute tip and cordate base, singly or irregularly doubly, sharply serrate margins, 2 to 4 inches long, petiole is stout and pubescent, dark shiny green above, paler below. Sweet Birch is a lovely forest tree native to New England, New York, Pennsylvania, northern New Jersey, east Ohio, and down the Appalachians into northern Georgia and Alabama, growing wild in upland mesic (moist) or dry mesic forest, and usually on north or east facing slopes of hills and mountains in acid soils. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Usually about 18 m (60 feet) tall, the tree may reach 24 m or more in the southern Appalachians; on poor soil it may be stunted and shrublike. » Upload a photo» Post a comment» Add an event report, © 1972 - 2021 National Gardening Association, Times are presented in US Central Standard Time, Today's site banner is by EscondidoCal and is called "Pink Bougainvillea". Public enquiries officer. Some of the useful facts and details about the birch tree are listed below.The name, ‘birch’ has originated from a Germanic term, birka. Its bark begins as thin, smooth, almost black bark or dark red-brown ; then bark becomes gray-brown and still basically smooth; then it becomes brown-gray with scaly plates; no peeling. The birch tree lifespan depends upon where the tree is growing. Birch trees sometimes have smooth bark, though with some, it peels. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, … Cultivation and Propagation Information. Appearance of the Black Birch Tree Birch will bleed sap if pruned in winter or early spring, so wait until the leaves are out on your Birch trees before you prune them. Sweet Birch, also called Cherry or Black Birch, grows native in the cool, mature woods, often near Eastern Hemlock, of southeast Pennsylvania and the rest of the Appalachian Region where the soil is acid of about pH 5 to 6.5, in various spots. Privacy Policy and Yellow birch and sweet birch tend to be harder, heavier, and stronger than the other species. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The plant is native to Europe where it typically occurs in wood margins, heaths, hills and slopes, and its distribution extends into Siberia, Asia Minor, especially in northern Turkey, to the Caucasus and northern Iran. The pores in the wood are uniformly distributed and of the same size across the growth rings. Between the 2000 and the 2010 census Birch Tree’s population increased by 45 people. Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, is a medium-sized deciduous tree, which is classified under Betulaceae family. Use these convenient icons to share this page on various social media platforms: Other: brown strobiles 1 to 1.5 inches long, Other: yellowish catkins 1 to 2 inches long. Usually, she just broke off what she needed. Birch is one of the most useful of trees as well as one of the most graceful. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula (/ ˈ b ɛ tj ʊ l ə /), in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams.It is closely related to the beech-oak family Fagaceae.The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. Beer was made from the sap of the birch and oil of wintergreen was distilled from the inner bark and twigs. The soil has to be rich in organic matter. Updates? Culture: Sweet birch prefers deep, fertile, moist, well-drained soil that is slightly acidic. I saw a few planted in park districts in the Chicago area where the silt-clay loam soils have a pH that is usually about 6.8 to 7.1. Birch trees (Betula spp.) Its crushed twigs have a wintergreen flavor. The birch needs a well-drained and preferably, sandy soil for its healthy growth. Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. processed. Paper Birch Tree Betula papyrifera Beauty and romance may be the first images many people associate with the gleaming white paper birch. And the sweet birch (Betula lenta) can live to be 250 years. Here are some of our favorite tree facts, enjoy! birch and pine trees at sunset by the lake. Beech is one of our most popular trees – so much so that it’s often considered the queen of British trees. The twigs and inner bark smell and taste like wintergreen. Its blossoms are also used to prepare a liqueur. 4. Considered a short-lived tree, the paper birch provides valuable forage for many birds and mammals. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. The birch family Betulaceae contains six genera of deciduous nut bearing trees including birches, alders, hazels, horn beams and hop-hornbeams.There are about 40 species of small to medium trees and shrubs, in Northern temperate climatesAverage lifespan of the birch is 40-50 years. After you have cut your strips, starting at the top, carefully rip the painter’s tape length-wise to create an uneven edges. It has a chemical structure that looks like a cross between a sugar and an alcohol, but it is neither. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis): This tree is native to forests of the northeast U.S. and is also known as the swamp birch due to the fact that it is often found in marshy areas. 1. Young trees have a dense, pyramidal shape when young, become more open and irregular with age. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Acacia Tree Facts. Usually about 18 m (60 feet) tall, the tree may reach 24 m or more in the southern Appalachians; on poor soil it may be stunted and…. They are native to temperate Europe, Asia and North America. For more information about factors that affect the life of a birch tree, click on the article that follows to learn more. The leaves are 2.5 to 5 inches long x 1.3 to 3 inches wide. 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