The Jesuits in the Philippines 1581-1959 H. DE LA COSTA THE nio Manila Sedeño, first on Jesuits 17 the September superior to come of 1581. to the the group, They Philippines Father were Father Alonso arrived Anto- Sán- in Pope Francis is the first-ever Jesuit elected as Holy Pontiff. Once regarded by many as the principal agent of the Counter-Reformation, the Jesuits were … They were not far behind. Horacio de la Costa, S.J. It is guided by the Jesuit tradition of excellence, service, and the promotion of justice. HISTORY OF THE JESUITS IN THE PHILIPPINES, III. ’ Part ll :—Continued EXPANSION OF THE OBSERVATORY The Manila Observatory was the first ever to give warning of weather conditions in the China Sea and the Western Pacific. It also served in the Philippine General Hospital and maintained the Culion and Zamboanga Sanitarium Chaplaincies. Their history- as missionaries, educators, and colonizers – is so entwined with that of the Islands that one cannot be discussed without the other. In addition to the houses already mentioned, there were missions in Ilocos, Jolo and the Marianne Islands. A fourth one died during the voyage from Mexico. ERIC A.S. ESCANDOR, S.J. Another milestone was reached when, on February 3, 1958, the Philippine Vice-Province was made into an independent Province. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Thomas B. Cannon, S.J. Alonso Sanchez and Brother Nicolas Gallardo. By this time, the Province had 442 members: 239 (54%) Filipinos and 197 (45%) Americans. On August 5, 1859, less than a month after their arrival, a group petitioned the Spanish Governor-General for the Jesuits to begin a school. In 1919, the College of San Jose was restored to the Society as a Seminary for the education of Filipino secular priests. It had primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Thomas B. Cannon, S.J. The Province provides for board, lodging and medical care at the Wellness Center located in the Ateneo de Manila Campus. In these 75 years, 372 Jesuits had come to the Philippines from Europe and New Spain. In 1577 the Franciscans arrived, and four years later, the Jesuits. But it is the Jesuits, with the highest profile, who attract the greatest hostility. www.phJesuits.org – The Official Website of the Philippine Province of the Society of Jesus This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 01:18 (UTC). Philippine Jesuit Aid Association, Inc. MARINDUQUE MISSION In 1622, at the request of the secular clergy, the Province was entrusted by Archbishop Serrano with the spiritual government of the island of Marinduque. Philippine Jesuit Prison Service Simbahang Lingkod ng Bayan Jesuit Volunteers Philippines. Leo A. Cullum, S.J. Formation. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. General Claudio Acquaviva made the Philippine Mission into a Vice Province dependent on the Province of Mexico. Pastells to write about the history of the Jesuit missions in the Philippines which he had learned to love and could not forget The well-known Philippine bibliographer, Wenceslao E. Retana, who knew him, held him in high regard, and they col-laborated on an annotated edition of Fr. The Jesuits came to the Philippines in 1581, and were expelled after 187 years of work there; they returned to Manila in 1859. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. In 1605, just 24 years after the arrival of the first Jesuits, Fr. This item is part of JSTOR collection as the first Vice Provincial. The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations. Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth-Century Jesuit Historiography. Philippine Studies The Jesuit parishes and missions were transferred to other religious orders. ! In 1814, Pope Pius VII restored the Society to its previous provinces and Jesuits began resuming their work in those countries. The same ideals of excellence, of seeking to do more for love of God and neighbor and country imbued them all. Bienvenido F. Nebres, S.J., who, at the time of writing, is the president of the Ateneo de Manila University. Horacio de la Costa and homilies of Fr. © 1959 Ateneo de Manila University It is intended primarily for the internal use of the governance of the Philippine Jesuits. Legaspi was the first governor-general of the Islands. He has to be capable of being a man on mission in the likeness of Christ. In 1668, the Philippine Province established a mission in the Marianas Islands. became the first Filipino Provincial. //----- The Jesuits and Education in the Philippines (Special topics in Philippine History: The Jesuits in the Philippines) Jojo Magadia, SJ, I reproduced a timeline of Jesuit activities in the Philippines as follows: In 1581, the first Jesuits from the Province of Mexico arrived in the Philippines. Pope Francis is the first-ever Jesuit elected as Holy Pontiff. Ninety years would pass before the first Jesuit mission of the restored Society would return to the Philippines. THE COLLEGE AT CEBU THE DEATH OF FATHER SEDENO Father Sedeho himself started south to found the new college at Cebu—for the recommendation of Sanchez had borne fruit. Figures for 1671. In 1585, the first novice was accepted, Juan Garcia Pacheco, a Spaniard. Bukidnon Mission District. An online article based on the writings of Fr. Horacio de la Costa (The Jesuits in the Philippines 1581-1768) and homilies of Fr. This decree reached Manila on May 17, 1768. Communications. The mission was headed by Fr. Jesuits in the Philippines, 1581-1768. As such, there are only five .!!!! In 1965, Father Horacio dela Costa, S.J. The Province maintained residences in Cagayan and Zamboanga. Ground Floor, JM Lucas Renewal Center Ateneo de Manila University Campus Loyola Heights, 1108 Quezon City, MM. Later the school was expanded with an elementary school both for Spanish and Filipino boys. Leading the group was Antonio Sedeño, the superior of the group who is credited with introducing stone cutting and brick making in the country, and two others. They entered Intramuros where they were warmly welcomed by the Augustinian Friars, who took them to their villa house. The history of the Jesuits in the Philippines remains understudied in the historiography of the global Catholic Church history. The founding of the Ateneo de Manila University has its roots in the history of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) as a teaching order. In 1865, Spanish Jesuits founded the Manila Observatory, the earliest of the Far East centres devoted to typhoon and earthquake studies. His companions were Fr. The apostolic orientation permeates Jesuit formation. Source: “The Secret History of the Jesuits,” by Edmond Paris, p. 164 Walter Schellenberg, former chief of Nazi counter-espionage made this statement: “The S.S. organization had been constituted by Himmler [Heinrich Himmler, leading member of the Nazi party] according to the principles of the Jesuit … The history of the Jesuits in the Philippines remains understudied in the historiography of the global Catholic Church history. The Province maintained a novitiate and juniorate in Novaliches, and Berchmans College for philosophy studies in Cebu City. In our retreat centers, parishes, campus ministries, and other settings, we offer these resources to all who want to discern God’s presence in their lives.At the same time, we also aim to be “contemplatives in action,” people who bring this spirituality into the wide world. In September of the same year, the College of Manila was opened in the Jesuit compound in Intramuros on Calle Real (later Calle General Luna). From an online article based on the writings of Fr. It is committed to equip individuals and communities with perspectives and skills for local, national, and global transformation. THE PHILIPPINE JESUITS /, The Sculpting Process of Jesuit Formation, Work From Hope (An Online Advent Recollection). Pedro Chirino opened the first school of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines. PART I—From the Foundation to the Suppression XAVIER IN THE PHILIPPINES It is probable that St. Francis Xavier was the first Jesuit to set foot on Philippine soil. After Murillo, no history of the Jesuits in the Philippines was written for more than five decades. Horacio de la Costa and homilies of Fr. The College offered courses in grammar, philosophy, theology, and canon law. Fr. Also on Philippine soil and under the direction of the Jesuits, in 1884 the Madrid government inaugurated the first Meteorological Service in the Spanish Kingdom, and most probably in the Far East. Philippines, island country of Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. Jesuit Communications Jesuit Music Ministry. Soon after their arrival, the Jesuits began the exploration of their new mission territory. Three had been received as priests, 23 as scholastics, and 117 as coadjutor brothers. The Philippine Jesuit Foundation is a non-stock, non-profit organization established under the laws of the United States of American and Sec 501 (c) (3) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, dedicated to the support of Jesuits and Jesuit works in the Philippines through relatives and friends of … There were mission residences with 20 additional stations in Butuan, Cagayan, Caraga, Cotabato, Culion, Dapitan, Davao, and Zamboanga. The novitiate building in Makati became a house of retreats and a villa house. By 1920, the Philippine Jesuit Mission had 157 members: 78 priests, 17 scholastics, and 62 coadjutor brothers. The Archives, located in Loyola House of Studies, Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City and under the care of the Province Archivist, are the historical archives of the Philippine Province of the Society of Jesus. List of Jesuit educational institutions worldwide; External links. In 1601, he returned to the Philippines but died shortly thereafter of tuberculosis. As such, there are only five .!!!! In the same year, residences of Jesuits were established in Cebu, in Leyte, and in Samar. In 1606, a novitiate was opened in Antipolo, but later the novices were transferred to the College of Manila. Their history- as missionaries, educators, and colonizers – is so entwined with that of the Islands that one cannot be discussed without the other. 143 Jesuits had been admitted to and had persevered in the Society in the Philippines. There, the Jesuits stayed for some time while their own residence was being built. Their history is an inseparable part of the Islands and the Spanish Far Eastern empire: the faculty of the Jesuit College of Manila helped to frame colonial policy; Jesuits served as ambassadors, and sailed as chaplains in the Spanish ships that fought the Dutch for the sea lanes of Eastern Asia. He is called “the founder of … (published in 1958 in the Philippine Clipper) and the homilies of Fr. The mission was headed by Fr. In 1927, the Philippine Mission was transferred to the Province of Maryland-New York from the Province of Aragon by Fr. Among these was the College of San Jose, which continued to exist, first under the administration of the secular clergy and later under that of the Dominicans. The first Spanish Jesuits in the Philippines, Alonzo Sánchez and Antonio Sedeño, arrived in 1581 as missionaries. It houses the seven academic disciplines of Communication, Economics, Education, History, Political Science, Psychology, and Sociology-Anthropology as well as the five interdisciplinary programs of Chinese Studies, Development Studies, European Studies, Japanese Studies, and Southeast Asian Studies. It promotes a comparative and transnational sensibility, and seeks to engage scholars who may not be specialists on the Philippines. Combés' Historia de Mindanao By the end of the nineteenth century, the Society of Jesus had taken over all the mission posts of Mindanao and Sulu. Published By: Ateneo de Manila University, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Description: “This fascinating story of cross and sword, laid in an extraordinary setting, describes the role of the Jesuits in the Philippines. HISTORY OF THE JESUITS IN THE PHILIPPINES. This was done on October 1 of the same year transferring the direction of the Escuela Pia to the Jesuits. In 1761-3 the Jesuit colleges in France are closed. His companions were Fr. The school was renamed Escuela Municipal, and classes began under the Jesuits on December 10, 1859 with just 23 boys. Father Adolfo Nicolas, Jesuit Superior General, invites the Jesuits and their partners in mission to commemorate the 200th anniversary [of the Jesuits’ return to the Philippines] in 2014, by looking back to the historical facts, the context, the personalities, and the dynamics that characterized both the suppression and restoration of the Society of Jesus. General Acquaviva made the Philippine Vice Province into an independent Province. © 2015 all rights reserved. HISTORY OF THE JESUITS IN THE PHILIPPINES. Three months later the school had increased to 170 students. In addition, it maintained a retreat house (La Ignaciana, Manila), an observatory in Baguio, an institute of social order (Manila) and the Provincial’s residence in the same city. Arriving in the Philippines via Mexico in the sixteenth century, the Jesuits founded a house (now a university) and, moving southward, began trying to convert the pagan Visayans and the warlike Moslems of Mindanao and Sulu. Francis X. Clark, S.J., who had served as Vice Provincial, became the first Provincial. 1921 saw the arrival in Manila of 22 Jesuits (12 priests and 10 scholastics) from the combined Provinces of Maryland, New York, and New England, USA. Request Permissions. The Jesuits in the Philippines, 1581–1768 by Horacio de la Costa, S.J. By 1909, the school was formally renamed the Ateneo de Manila. The members are called Jesuits (/ ˈ dʒ ɛ zj u ɪ t /; Latin: Iesuitæ). The Spanish Jesuits returned to the Philippines in 1859 after they had been restored by Pius VII (r.1800–23) in 1814. In 1581, the first Jesuits from the Province of Mexico arrived in the Philippines. On February 27, 1767, King Charles III of Spain had issued a decree banishing the Society of Jesus from Spain and the Spanish dominions. Thomas B. Cannon, S. J. Jose Cecilio Magadia, SJ., presented a chronology of Jesuit engagements in the Philippines, as follows: In 1581, the first Jesuits from the Province of Mexico arrived in the Philippines. Formation for Jesuits. It is intended primarily for the internal use of the governance of the Philippine Jesuits. The residential College of San Jose, attached to the College of Manila, opened on August 25, 1601. They are known champions of education and the counter reformation. Founded in 1953 as Philippine Studies, the journal is published quarterly by the Ateneo de Manila University through its School of Social Sciences. Manila is the capital, but nearby Quezon City is the country’s most-populous city. ! Antonio Sedeño, the Superior. In 1656, 50 years after the establishment of the Province and 75 years after the founding of the Mission, the membership of the Province had risen to 108 (74 priests, 11 scholastics, and 23 coadjutor Brothers). By that time, the Province had 67 members who labored in one college of higher studies (the College of Manila), one residential seminary (San Jose), seven mission residences, and two mission stations. There were seven Ateneos: Cagayan, Davao, Manila, Naga, San Pablo, Tuguegarao, and Zamboanga. The Jesuits were members of the Compaña de Jesus or Society of Jesus and was founded by St. Ignatius of Loyola in 1534. In 1767 Jesuits are expelled from Spain and its colonies. On February 2, 1952, the Philippine Mission became the Philippine Vice-Province, with Fr. (Jesuits) A. PHILIPPINE PROVINCEProvincialVery Rev . Jesuit, member of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic order of religious men founded by St. Ignatius of Loyola and noted for its educational, missionary, and charitable works. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. They set up missions, built parishes, opened mission schools, administered the sacraments, and taught children catechism. HISTORY OF THE JESUITS IN THE PHILIPPINES By Fr. To an extent this was logical for the Spaniards had to learn English in order to teach in Philippine schools since the United States had taken over the government in the Philippines. An online article based on the writings of Fr. the Jesuits, from their arrival in the Philippines in 1581 up to their expulsion from the Spanish Empire in 1768. The possessions of the Province were declared forfeit to the crown except the obras pias, which were maintained as ecclesiastical property. They were custodians of the ratio studiorum, the Jesuit system of education developed around 1559. There were five colleges, one novitiate, one Seminary-College, nine mission residences, and the spiritual administration of 73 towns. THE COLLEGE AT CEBU THE DEATH OF FATHER SEDENO Father Sedeho himself started south to found the new college at Cebu—for the recommendation of Sanchez had borne fruit. In 1581, the first Jesuits from the Province of Mexico arrived in the Philippines. The suppression of the Jesuits was a politically instigated removal of all members of the Society of Jesus from most of the countries of Western Europe and their colonies, beginning in 1759, and ultimately approved by The Holy See in 1773. Philippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints is an internationally refereed journal that publishes scholarly articles and other materials on the history of the Philippines and its peoples, both in the homeland and overseas. We remember with gratitude more than 200 years of the presence of Jesuits in the Philippines. Sometime later, residences were also built in Bohol and in Mindanao. They wrote the first grammars and compiled the first dictionaries in Maguindanao, Tururay, and Bagobo. And it was delivered by Fr. Since that time, other Ateneos were founded in Zamboanga, Cagayan de Oro, Naga, and Davao, along with other schools from the former Chinese delegation and likewise in many small parishes in Mindanao and Culion. In the sixties, too, a long-time dream came true: the Philippine Province opened its own theologate, Loyola House of Studies, now known as Loyola School of Theology, in the campus of the Ateneo de Manila University in Quezon City. Description: “This fascinating story of cross and sword, laid in an extraordinary setting, describes the role of the Jesuits in the Philippines. The first American Superior appointed in April of 1927 was Fr. Today the Philippine Province, in addition to all the works in the Philippines, sends young men once more to foreign missions — to Cambodia, Myanmar, and East Timor. Between 1759 and 1761 Portugal arrests all the Jesuits in its territories and ships them to the papal states. It's about the Jesuits and Education in the Philippines. In 1591, mission stations were established in Balayan, Batangas, in Taytay, and in Antipolo, Rizal. A fourth member, Scholastic Gaspar Suarez de Toledo, … It is an archipelago consisting of some 7,100 islands and islets lying about 500 miles (800 km) off the coast of Vietnam. A fourth member, Scholastic Gaspar Suarez de Toledo, had died during the voyage from Acapulco. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. ’ Part ll :—Continued EXPANSION OF THE OBSERVATORY The Manila Observatory was the first ever to give warning of weather conditions in the China Sea and the Western Pacific. It believes the past is illuminated by historians as well as scholars from other disciplines; at the same time, it prefers ethnographic approaches to the history of the present. It welcomes works that are theoretically informed but not encumbered by jargon. He was received into the Society in Rome. The first Filipino in the Society of Jesus was a certain Martin Sancho or Sanchez. In Manila, the Mission ministered at the Ateneo de Manila, San Ignacio Church, the House of Probation and the College of San Jose, and the Observatory. HISTORY OF THE JESUITS IN THE PHILIPPINES. Horacio de la Costa (May 9, 1916 – March 20, 1977) was the first Filipino Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines, and a recognized authority in Philippine and Asian culture and history. The Archives of the Philippine Province of the Society of Jesus (APP-SJ) is a private religious archives governed by the Catholic Church’s Canon Law and the internal laws and guidelines of the Society of Jesus. A Brief Sketch. It was a catechetical school for natives. Between 1769 and 1771, the Jesuits in the Philippines were transported to Spain and from there deported to Italy. Thomas B. Cannon, S.J. Although the first Jesuits arrived in the country in 1581, and founded one of the first colleges in the Philippines, the Colegio de Manila (also known as the Colegio Seminario de San Ignacio), their educational work was undone by their violent expulsion from all Spanish territories in 1768, and their Suppression in 1773. The first Jesuits arrived in the Philippines in 1581, the third religious congregration to come after the Augustinians and the Franciscans. FR. Horacio de la Costa (The Jesuits in the Philippines 1581-1768) and homilies of Fr. Fr. A Brief Sketch. The Society of Jesus (SJ; Latin: Societas Iesu) is a religious order of the Catholic Church headquartered in Rome.It was founded by Ignatius of Loyola and six companions with the approval of Pope Paul III in 1540. In Vigan, Jesuits ran a seminary and college. Jose Cecilio Magadia, SJ., presented a chronology of Jesuit engagements in the Philippines, as follows: In 1581, the first Jesuits from the Province of Mexico arrived in the Philippines. Alonso Sanchez and Brother Nicolas Gallardo. From 1622-1630, the novitiate was located in San Pedro, Makati, but in 1630, it again returned to the College of Manila. At that time, the Mission had the following membership: 76 Americans, 68 Spaniards, 42 Filipinos. By 1755, the Philippine Province had the spiritual administration of 80 parishes and missions in the Philippines and the Marianas, caring for a total population of 212,153 persons. The Superior, Father Cuevas, refused because the mission of the Jesuits was to be in Mindanao. Leading the group was Antonio Sedeño, the superior of the … There, Fr. It's about the Jesuits and Education in the Philippines. This mission later became a Vice Province dependent on the Philippine Province. The Jesuit is cared for until he dies and is … A Brief Sketch. Telephone: (632) 89265974; (632) 89269831. In June of 1595, Fr. Jojo Magadia, SJ, I reproduced a timeline of Jesuit activities in the Philippines as follows: In 1581, the first Jesuits from the Province of Mexico arrived in the Philippines. All Rights Reserved. Antonio F. Moreno, S.J.De La Costa House,132 B. Gonzales StreetLoyola Heights, 1108 Quezon CityMail: P.O. Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Parish (Cabanglasan, Bukidnon) Manila residents were unwilling, however, to let all the Jesuits travel to far off Mindanao. General Wlodimir Ledochowski. We thank the Lord for the blessing of Jesuits from Europe, the United States, Asia-Pacific, and the Philippines, who have labored in the different ministries of the Province: as scientists at the Manila Observatory, professors in the different Ateneos, pioneers and explorers in Mindanao, as catechists and pastors, as teachers, and spiritual guides for many who desired a deeper relationship with their God. //----- The Jesuits and Education in the Philippines (Special topics in Philippine History: The Jesuits in the Philippines) The article above is based on an outline by Fr. Statistics of the Philippine Province for 1671 show that there were then 101 men in the islands—7l priests, 15 scholastics and 15 brothers. the Jesuits, from their arrival in the Philippines in 1581 up to their expulsion from the Spanish Empire in 1768. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Historiography . Upon retirement, the Jesuit returns from his apostolic community to be cared for by the Philippine Province. The Philippine Islands marked 400 years since the first arrival of the Jesuits with a souvenir sheet (later surcharged) and four stamps. Historiography . Jesuit history qualified Fr. HISTORY OF THE JESUITS IN THE PHILIPPINES. The Jesuit General then asked the Spanish Jesuits to swap the Philippine Mission with the New York Jesuits. The School of Social Sciences is a constituent member of the Loyola Schools of the Ateneo de Manila University. Jesuits draw on the rich tradition of Ignatian spirituality and reflection. 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